PHP vs. Python: Which Programming Language is Best for Your Project?
Wondering which programming language to choose between PHP and Python for your project? Let's find out.
A good programming language ensures lesser hassle of recurrent maintenance, securing, and scaling. While there are numerous excellent programming languages, two of them are leading the development industry, i.e., PHP and Python. Both PHP and Python differ as per usability,web frameworks, and various other factors.
While the former is used for web application development, the latter is efficient for rapid application development. So, of course, choosing between the languages depends on the type of project you are working on. However, let's understand more about them to help you select the right option:
What are PHP and Python?
Python is a well-known, high-level, and interpreted programming language that's focused on an object-oriented approach. It helps the programmers to write crisp and clear code that's highly readable.
Python differs from other languages with the fact that it does not use punctuations. In addition, it consists of lesser syntactic constructions and more keyword use. Thanks to easy usability and understanding, Python is one of developers most commonly employed languages. It's also used by ILM (Industrial Light and Magic), the company that created the iconic Star Wars effects.
Likewise, PHP (Hypertext Processor) is useful for creating web servers. It is one of the most renowned open-source programming languages that focus on web development. One of the best things about PHP pages is that they have HTML with embedded codes for performing a function. This prevents the hassle of extensive commands to output HTML. In addition, PHP can run on both the command line and browser. So, instead of a browser, you can display your code output in the terminal.
What are the Features of PHP and Python?
As per Statista's data on most used programming languages by developers globally, the value was 48.24% for Python and 21.98% for PHP. This means both PHP and Python are secured with advanced features justifying their popularity. Some of those features include:
Features of PHP
- PHP is an interpreted language and does not require compilation. It's also open-source, which means it's free for use.
- You can run it on distinct platforms such as Unix, Linux, Windows, etc.
- In PHP programming, the keywords, classes, and functions don't have to be case-sensitive.
- PHP comes with a pre-defined error reporting feature that creates warning notices.
- It is beginner-friendly and simple to learn. Also, it's quite faster than other languages like JSP and ASP.
Features of Python
- Python is an interpreted language that's readable, dynamically typed (similar to Java), and open source.
- It's also easy to learn, write, and understand, making it appropriate for beginners.
- Python is platform-independent, which helps it run on Mac, Windows, and Linux.
- It's both extensible and extendible. This means you can use any other language in its code or use Python in other languages.
- The language is also efficient for creating graphical user interfaces.
What is the Difference Between PHP and Python?
Both PHP and Python programming languages are different from each other in distinct ways. This includes:
Use, Installation, and Speed
First, PHP is used for web development, whereas Python is efficient for other functions like graphics, backend, artificial intelligence or AI, etc. The latter is appropriate for rapid application development. Besides, PHP is faster and better for handling extensive data than Python. It's also easier to install than the latter.
Thanks to the speed of the new PHP version 7 with Zend Engine 3.0, its performance surged like a skyrocket! Developers were able to process extensive data faster, which gradually contributed to its better function. As a result, not only Python, but it went to become better than other languages and it's prior version.
Although both have library support, Python wins this one due to its rich library for machine learning and data science tasks. This helps developers to create related applications without coding. On the other hand, PHP comes with a Standard PHP library that includes interfaces and classes for problem-solving.
Security: Python has better security features that take care of vulnerabilities. PHP is secured too but still requires improvement.
Scalability: Python is more scalable than PHP as it alters with the growing user demand and trends.
Community: PHP and Python have a decent community with distinct frameworks, components, and libraries.
Which Language is Better for Your Project?
To sum up, Python is an easy-to-learn programming language that's used for website development, data analysis/visualization, and task analysis. Likewise, PHP is useful for building engaging and dynamic websites.
So, if you want to include advanced projects with machine learning and data science, go for Python. Similarly, for server-side scripting tasks, choose PHP. So which language is better for your project? It depends on your project. Ultimately, the choice is yours!